Red Cross of Constantine

The Masonic and Military Order of the Red Cross of Constantine
and the Orders of the Holy Sepulchre and of St John the Evangelist


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Constantine, a Roman, was destined for the college of Emperors but following the death of his father, he was hailed by the Legions in York as Augustus and became the Governor of Britain and Gaul. After several successful battles across the Alps and Italy he eventually established himself as the lawful Emperor of both the East and West and transferred the capital of the empire from Rome to Byzantium, later to be named after him.

It is said that his conversion to Christianity began one evening after a long day’s march with his army. He believed he saw a sign from heaven; a pillar of light in the form of a special cross. A standard bearing a cross was ordered to be carried before him in the wars. Several Christians in his army came forward and avowed their faith, following which Constantine directed that they should wear on their armour a red cross. Having been successful in battle it is said that Constantine with the help of his chief bishop, Eusebius, opened a Conclave of the Knights of the Order whose members became the bodyguard of their Sovereign.

It seems likely that the Order of the Red Cross of Constantine was being worked in England by 1780. After a number of changes to the organisation, the earliest documented date of the Order in its present form is 1865.

This Christian Order is in two parts. The first ceremony consists of the Candidate’s admission, obligation, and then the Installation as a Knight-Companion of the Red Cross of Constantine, in which the historical basis of the Order is also detailed.

In separate ceremonies the Knight-Companion builds on what he has already been taught and in the ceremony of the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre and St. John the Evangelist this knowledge is further expanded and the ultimate aims of Freemasonry are revealed. These, together with the two Installation ceremonies leading to the principal Chairs in the Red Cross of Constantine, are undoubtedly among the most impressive ceremonies in the whole of Freemasonry.

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Red Cross of Constantine

Address by The Most Illustrious Grand Sovereign 2017

Address by The Most Illustrious Grand Sovereign
Graham Leslie Flight, G.C.C.
to the Annual Assembly of Grand Imperial Conclave
Tuesday 4th July 2017

RCC Flight 800Firstly, my thanks to you all for attending this important meeting of our Order today. I hope you have found the meeting so far interesting and rewarding.
The Grand Team has been very busy during the last year with the appointment and enthronement of seven new Intendents-General.

On 15th October 2016, James Munro was Enthroned as Intendent-General for Cheshire, following the retirement of Christopher MacDonald who of course remains President of my Council.

On 22nd October 2016, Alan Beckerton was Enthroned as Intendent-General for Derbyshire following the early retirement of Peter Salt, who I have had the pleasure of Investing today as a Knight Commander of Constantine.

On 19th November 2016, Stephen Roberts was Enthroned as Intendent-General for Lincolnshire following the retirement of John Clements.
On 30th November 2016, Terry Ward was Enthroned as Intendent-General for Nottinghamshire following the early retirement through ill health of Stephen Mather.
On 25th February 2017, Simon Pine, was Enthroned as Intendent-General for Hertfordshire following the retirement of Brian Muir.
On 25th March 2017, Stuart Graves was Enthroned as Intendent-General for Metropolitan Division following the retirement of Peter Fuchter.
On 20th May 2017, Stephen Bolton was Enthroned as Intendent-General for North and East Lancashire following the retirement of Nigel Bramley-Howarth.
And on 29th October 2016 I appointed (but unfortunately was not able to attend to enthrone), Roger Sawyer as Intendent-General for Natal, following the retirement of John Slack.

There have been no new Conclaves Consecrated in the last year, but I am hearing murmurings for a possible Consecration on the Island of St Lucia, which Worthy Knights you will understand, will almost certainly receive my full approval.

It has been a continuing pleasure to visit Conclaves both at home and abroad, and my visits this year have included Finland, Greece and Italy, where I have been extremely well received and able to take your best wishes to those meetings.

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M.Ill.Kt. Graham L. Flight, G.C.C.
Grand Sovereign

R.Ill. & Em.Kt. Peter Hawken, MBE, G.C.C.
Deputy Grand Sovereign

R.Ill. & Ven.Kt. The Revd Timothy J. N. L'Estrange, G.C.C.
Grand Eusebius


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